One of the fundamental sciences of our planet is physics and its laws. Every day we use the benefits of physicists who have been working for many years to make people’s lives more comfortable and better. The existence of all mankind is built on the laws of physics, although we do not think about it. Thanks to whom the lights are on in our homes, we can fly on airplanes across the sky and sail across the endless seas and oceans. We will talk about scientists who dedicated themselves to science. Who are the most famous physicists, whose works have changed our lives forever. There are a great many great physicists in the history of mankind. We will tell you about seven of them.
Albert Einstein (Switzerland) (1879-1955)
Albert Einstein, one of the greatest physicists of mankind, was born on March 14, 1879 in the German city of Ulm. The great theoretical physicist can be called a man of the world, he had to live in a difficult time for all mankind during two world wars and often move from one country to another.
Einstein wrote over 350 papers in physics. He is the creator of the special (1905) and general theory of relativity (1916), the principle of equivalence of mass and energy (1905). Developed many scientific theories: quantum photoelectric effect and quantum heat capacity. Together with Planck, he developed the foundations of quantum theory, which represent the foundation of modern physics. Einstein has received a large number of awards for his work in the field of science. The crown of all awards is the Nobel Prize, in physics received by Albert in 1921.
Nikola Tesla (Serbia) (1856-1943)
The famous physicist-inventor was born in the small village of Smilyan on July 10, 1856. Tesla’s works were far ahead of the time in which the scientist lived. Nikola is called the father of modern electricity. He made many discoveries and inventions, having received more than 300 patents for his creations in all countries where he worked. Nikola Tesla was not only a theoretical physicist, but also a brilliant engineer who created and tested his inventions.
Tesla discovered alternating current, wireless transmission of energy, electricity, his work led to the discovery of X-rays, created a machine that caused vibrations of the earth’s surface. Nicola predicted an era of robots capable of doing any job. Because of his extravagant demeanor, he did not gain recognition during his lifetime, but without his work it is difficult to imagine the daily life of a modern person.
Isaac Newton (England) (1643-1727)
One of the fathers of classical physics was born on January 4, 1643 in the town of Woolsthorpe in Great Britain. He was first a member and later the head of the Royal Society of Great Britain. Isaac formed and proved the main laws of mechanics. He substantiated the movement of the planets of the solar system around the sun, as well as the onset of ebbs and flows. Newton created the foundation for modern physical optics. From the huge list of works of the great scientist, physicist, mathematician and astronomer, two works stand out, one of which was written in 1687 and “Optics” came out of the pen in 1704. The top of his work is the law of gravity, known even to a ten-year-old kid.
Stephen Hawking (England)
The most famous physicist of our time appeared on our planet on January 8, 1942 in Oxford. Stephen Hawking received his education at Oxford and Cambridge, where he taught later, and also worked at the Canadian Institute for Theoretical Physics. The main works of his life are connected with quantum gravity and cosmology.
Hawking studied the theory of the origin of the world as a result of the Big Bang. He developed a theory of the disappearance of black holes, due to the phenomenon that received the name Hawking radiation in his honor. Considered the founder of quantum cosmology. A member of the oldest scientific society, which was also Newton’s member, of the Royal Society of London for many years, joining it in 1974, and is considered one of the youngest members admitted to the society. With all his might, he introduces contemporaries to science with the help of his books and participating in television programs.
Maria Curie-Sklodowska (Poland, France) (1867-1934)
The most famous female physicist was born on November 7, 1867 in Poland. She graduated from the prestigious Sorbonne University, where she studied physics and chemistry, and later became the first woman teacher in the history of her Alma Mater. Together with her husband Pierre and the famous physicist Antoine Henri Becquerel, they studied the interaction of uranium salts and sunlight, as a result of experiments, they received new radiation, which was called radioactivity. For this discovery, together with her colleagues, she received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1903. Maria was a member of many scientific societies around the globe. Forever went down in history as the first person to be awarded the Nobel Prize in two nominations for chemistry in 1911 and physics.
Wilhelm Konrad Roentgen (Germany) (1845-1923)
Roentgen first saw our world in Lennep, Germany on March 27, 1845. He taught at the University of Würzburg, where on November 8, 1985, he made a discovery that changed the life of all mankind forever. He managed to discover X-radiation, which later received the name in honor of the scientist – X-ray. His discovery was the impetus for the emergence of a number of new trends in science. Wilhelm Konrad went down in history as the first recipient of the Nobel Prize in physics.
Andrey Dmitrievich Sakharov (USSR, Russia)
On May 21, 1921, the future creator of the hydrogen bomb was born. Sakharov wrote a lot of scientific papers on elementary particles and cosmology, magnetohydrodynamics and astrophysics. But his main achievement is the creation of a hydrogen bomb. Sakharov was a genius physicist in the history of not only the vast country of the USSR, but also the world.