On Sunday, in the city of Ithaca, located in the US state of New York, the Nobel Prize winner in physics, one of the leading developers of the American atomic bomb, Hans Albrecht Bethe, died at the age of 99. This was announced on Monday by the press service of Cornell University (Cornell University).
Hans Bethe has been a professor at this university since 1935, when he was forced to leave Nazi Germany for America because his mother was Jewish.
University President Jeffrey S. Lehman said: “With the passing of Hans Bethe, the world lost one of the greatest pioneers in physics of the 20th century, and our university said goodbye to its beloved teacher, mentor and friend.” He also recalled that Hans Bethe throughout his life outlined high standards of social responsibility of the scientific community, which will serve many generations of scientists.
Hans Albrecht Bethe was born on the 2nd July 1906 in Strasbourg. He studied at the universities of Frankfurt and Munich. After moving to the United States, he mainly worked at Cornell University.
During World War II, he worked first at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he was developing microwave radar, and then at the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, where, under the leadership of Robert Oppenheimer ) was directly involved in the Manhattan project to create the world’s first atomic bomb.
After the war, Bethe worked with the American scientist Edward Teller to create the hydrogen bomb.
Bethe received the Nobel Prize in 1967 for his research in astrophysics. He made a breakthrough in research on thermonuclear reactions in the sun and energy production in stars.
In 1958, Hans Bethe headed the presidential program for the study of nuclear disarmament, and was also an adviser to the American delegation at the Geneva talks on a ban on nuclear weapons tests.
50 years after the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, Bethe wrote a letter to US President Bill Clinton, in which he urged “to stop and further refrain from work related to the creation, development and improvement of nuclear weapons and other types of weapons of potential mass destruction.”
- Hans Bethe, a titan of physics and conscience of science, dies at age 98 – Cornell University News Service, 07.03.2005
- Nobel physics laureate Bethe dead at 98 – Reuters, 07.03.2005
- Nobel-Winning Physicist Hans Bethe Dies – AP, 07.03.2005
- “The Last of the Old Masters” of Physics – Los Angeles Times, 08.03.2005
- About Hans Bethe
- Hans Bethe – Biography