What do physicists do


what do physicists do

In the sixties of the twentieth century, there was a debate about who was more important, physics or lyrics. For a long time, it seemed that the lyricists were winning. Still, in school years, physics aroused some caution in most of us. Humanitarian subjects did not seem so scary.

Therefore, the competition for economic and philological institutes could not be compared with the competition for technical universities. However, time has changed, and now physics is on the horse. Their research pushes science forward, and the latest technologies follow.

What do physicists do and where are they in demand today?

A few facts from history

Science owes its name to Aristotle. That was the name of his famous work. Translated from ancient Greek, this term means “nature”. In those days, all theories and hypotheses revolved around the phenomena of the environment, in an attempt to explain them. The name was introduced into the Russian language by Mikhail Lomonosov, who wrote the first textbook on physics. He also owns many discoveries, especially in optics, which are still relevant today.

Who are physicists?

In order to study the world around us, to understand its fundamental foundations, patterns of structure and evolution, people with special knowledge are needed. Physicists are such people. They study material bodies and natural phenomena, make hypotheses, and then test them experimentally.

Physicists are divided into theoreticians and experimenters, depending on the research methods.

Theoretical physics investigates physical phenomena using mathematical models. The results obtained in this way are analyzed and studied from the point of view of designing experiments.

Experimental physics is engaged in modeling various phenomena and conducting real experiments to confirm the obtained facts.

Within the profession, there are many specializations. Physics happens:

  • Nuclear;
  • molecular;
  • solid body;
  • quantum;
  • geophysics;
  • nanophysics;
  • radiophysics.

Specialists who study celestial objects are singled out separately.

A physicist can be a scientist, engineer, teacher. Responsibilities depend on the type of activity.

Required knowledge and skills

Necessary knowledge and skills of physicists

Such a specialist must know the methods of setting up experiments, be able to generalize the results obtained and draw conclusions on their basis, masterfully master the mathematical apparatus, and know the general principles of the operation of physical devices.

For a physicist the following are important:

  • Thinking outside the box;
  • criticality;
  • curiosity;
  • openness of perception;
  • high efficiency;
  • accuracy;
  • the ability to take a punch.

A scientist should be impartial about the results of his own work, be able to analyze it and find errors.

In our age, it is impossible to do without physicists. The need for good specialists is growing every day. If you feel capable, go for it. And you will definitely succeed.

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